On January 17, 1746 ‘Bonnie Prince Charlie’ and his Highlanders won the battle of Falkirk. It was to be their last victory in the 'forty-five' Jacobite uprising, as three months later they were defeated at Culloden. Charles Edward Stuart was born on December 31, 1720 and was the second Jacobite pretender to the throne of England. This claim was as the eldest son of James Francis Edward Stuart, himself the son of King James II. Charles is perhaps best known as the instigator of the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745, in which he led an insurrection to restore an absolute monarchy. The uprising ended in defeat at the Battle of Culloden. Charles's flight from Scotland after the uprising has rendered him a romantic figure of heroic failure in later representations.