Edward was crowned at the age of fifteen, following the deposition of his father. When he was only seventeen years old, Edward III led a coup against the de facto ruler of the country, his mother's consort Roger Mortimer, and began his personal reign. After a successful campaign in Scotland in 1333, he declared himself rightful heir to the French throne in 1337, starting what would become known as the Hundred Years’ War. Following some initial setbacks, the war went exceptionally well for England; the victories of Crecy and Poitiers led to the highly favorable Treaty of Bretigny. Edward's later years, however, were marked by international failure and domestic strife, largely as a result of his inactivity and bad health. He died on June 21, 1377 at Sheen Palace from a stroke and was buried at Westminster Abbey. He was succeeded to the throne by his ten year old grandson Richard II, son of the Black Prince, who had died in 1376.
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