Official Blog of Author MICHAEL THOMAS BARRY.
A blog which discusses varied topics that are related to the authors many books. Michael is a columnist for CrimeMagazine.com and a reviewer for the New York Journal of Books.
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Wednesday, October 31, 2012
Sherlock Holmes is Published in Book Form (1892) & Indira Gandhi is Assassinated (1984)
On this date in 1892, The
Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is published by Arthur Conan Doyle.
This was the first collection of the iconic detective’s stories
in book form, which Conan Doyle had been publishing in magazines since 1887. Conan
Doyle was born in Scotland and studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh,
where he met Dr. Joseph Bell, a teacher with extraordinary deductive power.
Bell partly inspired Doyle's character Sherlock Holmes years later. After
medical school, Conan Doyle moved to London; where his slow medical practice
left him ample free time to write. His first Sherlock Holmes story, "A
Study in Scarlet," was published in Beeton's
Christmas Annual in 1887. Starting in 1891, a series of Holmes stories
appeared in The Strand magazine, and
Conan Doyle was able to give up his medical practice and devote himself to
writing. Later collections include The
Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1894), The
Return of Sherlock Holmes (1905), and The
Casebook of Sherlock Holmes (1827). In 1902, Conan Doyle was knighted for
his work with a field hospital in South Africa. In addition to dozens of
Sherlock Holmes stories and several novels, Conan Doyle wrote history, pursued
whaling, and engaged in many adventures and athletic endeavors. After his son
died in World War I, Conan Doyle became a dedicated spiritualist. He died in
On this date in 1984, India’s Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
is assassinated in New Delhi by two of her own bodyguards.
Beant Singh and Satwant Singh, both Sikhs, emptied their
guns into Gandhi as she walked to her office from an adjoining bungalow.
Although the two assailants immediately surrendered, they were both shot in a
subsequent scuffle, and Beant died. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister
of India, attempted to forge a unified nation out of the many religious,
ethnic, and cultural factions that existed under British rule until 1949. His
daughter, Indira Gandhi (no relation to Mohandas Gandhi), rose to power in
1966, fighting many of the same problems as her father had. Her own political
career was a roller coaster, from the highs following India's victory over
Pakistan in 1971 to the lows of being thrown out of office in 1977 after
declaring a state of emergency in 1975, during which time she suspended civil
liberties and jailed her political opponents. Although many criticized her for
being authoritarian, the majority of the population supported her because of
her extensive social programs. In 1980, Gandhi became prime minister again,
enjoying fairly widespread popularity. However, in June 1984, she ordered an
army raid on a Sikh temple in Punjab to flush out armed Sikh extremists,
setting off a series of death threats. Due to the fear of assassination, Beant
Singh, her longtime bodyguard, was to be transferred because he was a Sikh.
However, Gandhi personally rescinded the transfer order because she trusted him
after his many years of service. Obviously, this was a fatal mistake for both
of them.Satwant Singh, who survived to stand trial, was convicted in 1986 and
executed in 1989. Following Gandhi's assassination, riots broke out in New
Delhi. More than 1,000 innocent Sikhs were killed in indiscriminate attacks
over the course of two days. Gandhi's son, Rajiv, succeeded her as prime