Friday, December 6, 2013
James Joyce's "Ulysses" was rule not obscene - 1933
On December 6, 1933, a federal judge rules that James Joyce’s Ulysses was not obscene. The book had been banned in both the United States and England when it was published in 1922. Three years earlier, its serialization in an American review had been cut short by the U.S. Post Office for the same reason. Fortunately, one of James' supporters, Sylvia Beach, owner of the bookstore Shakespeare and Company in Paris, published the novel herself in 1922. Joyce was born on February 2, 1882 in Dublin, Ireland. He attended Catholic school and University College in Dublin. In college, he began a lifetime of literary rebellion when he self-published an essay rejected by the school's literary magazine adviser. After graduation, Joyce moved to Paris, where he resolved to study medicine to support himself while writing but soon gave it up. He returned to Dublin to visit his mother's deathbed and remained to teach school and work odd jobs. On June 16, 1904, he met Nora Barnacle, whom he convinced to return to Europe with him. The couple settled in Trieste, and then Zurich. Together they would have two children. During his lifetime, Joyce struggled with serious eye problems and underwent 25 operations between 1917 and 1930. In 1914, he published The Dubliners and his 1915 novel, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, these works brought him fame and the patronage of several wealthy people, including Edith Rockefeller. Ulysses, with its radical stream-of-consciousness narrative, deeply influenced the development of the modern novel. Joyce's final novel, Finnegans Wake, was published in 1939. Joyce died on January 13, 1941 in Zurich, Switzerland.
Michael Thomas Barry is the author of Literary Legends of the British Isles. The book can be purchased from Amazon through the following links:
Amazon - http://www.amazon.com/Literary-Legends-British-Isles-Writers/dp/0764344382/ref=la_B0035CPN70_1_6?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1386351326&sr=1-6