On December 10, 1925, playwright George Bernard Shaw is awarded the Nobel Prize for literature.
Shaw was born on July 26, 1856 in Dublin, Ireland, and left school at the age of fourteen to work in a land agent's office. In 1876, he quit and moved to London, where his mother, a music teacher, had settled. He worked various jobs while trying to write plays. He began publishing book reviews and art and music criticism in 1885. Meanwhile, he became a committed reformer and an active force in the newly established Fabian Society, a group of middle-class socialists.